Mayan Construction:  Tools

    The ancient Mayas did not use metal tools because metals were not common to the area that they inhabited.  The tools that they had to work with were very simple.  They used tools such as fire and basalt axes on wood.  Fire was very unpredictable so they switched to basalt axes for a little more precision.  On stone they used tools made of flint, obsidian, granite, limestone, and quartzite(Stierlin 132).  They also used the technology of the "plumb bob" to judge vertical accuracy(Stierlin 131).  A heavy weightwould hang on a string so that they could see how accurate they were(Neufeldt 452).

    The Incas built their structures without the help of the plumb bob and did not roll heavy stones on logs as the Mayans did.  For more information see Inca tools.

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